Regular Maintenance
It is important to vacuum upholstery regularly to remove the surface dust that builds up and slowly contributes to a graying effect that diminishes the clarity of the original color.

Please note that vacuuming should be done with the proper attachments to avoid breaking down the fibers and contributing to “pilling.” In addition to regular vacuuming, a professional dry cleaner should come in at least once or twice a year to thoroughly clean the fabrics and remove the soiling that a normal vacuum cleaner cannot reach. The expense of this service is small compared to the reward of seating that looks good as new after a lot of use.

Cleaning Codes

W – Water-based cleaning agents or foam may be used for cleaning this fabric.

S – Only mild, pure water-free dry cleaning solvents may be used for cleaning this fabric.

W-S – Water-based cleaning agents and foam or mild, water-free solvents may be used for cleaning this fabric

X – Fabric should be vacuumed or brushed lightly to remove soil. WARNING: Do not use water-based foam or liquid cleaning agents of any type on this fabric.

Stain Treatment
There are two types of stains: water-based and oil-based. The key to removing either type is prompt action. The longer a stain is allowed to remain on a fabric, the more difficult it will be to remove.

For water-based stains, a solution of warm soapy water (not overly soapy) used in the following manner should remove them. In removing oil-based stains, the same procedure can be followed, but instead of warm water, a spray dry cleaning solution should be used. Either treatment should be tried in an inconspicuous part of the fabric first, to make sure there will be no adverse reaction between the dye stuffs and the cleaning solution.

Step 1.
Soak up excess staining material immediately with a soft absorbent material. Do not dry the stain completely or it may set.

Step 2.
Either by using the warm soapy water or a dry cleaning solution and a clean sponge begin working the stain with light, quick strokes. Start at the outside of the stain and work toward the center. Be careful not to overly saturate the stain with cleaning solution or you may get a ring. Do not rub too vigorously or you may damage the nap of the fabric or break fibers.

Step 3.
Once the stain is removed, soak up all remaining cleaning solution and then use another clean cloth or sponge dipped in cool water to remove any residue that will attract further soiling.

Step 4.
Allow fabric to dry thoroughly and then vacuum well with an upholstery attachment before using.

Step 5.
It has been proven that several light applications are less harmful to fabrics than one concentrated one. If you go through the above steps and there is still a stain, repeat the entire procedure.

Step 6.
Remember, never use anything hot to clean fabric, as heat will set stains. Also, avoid a scrubbing motion.

Step 7.
If the stain is stubborn, call a professional cleaner and ask their advice.

Spot Cleaning Treatment
Step 1.
As soon as possible, blot liquid spills with tissue paper to wash or a clean colorfast cloth. Scrape and vacuum away dry solid material. Avoid working soilant deeper into the fabric.

Step 2.
Apply household or commercial upholstery cleaner sparingly to the soiled area, as over wetting may spread the stain and damage cushion material under the fabric. Rub gently with a clean, white cloth Turn the damp cloth frequently to a clean surface to avoid re-depositing the soilant.

Step 3.
Work from the outer edge toward the center of the spot to reduce ringing. Cleaning the entire fabric panel, or at least a large area around the spot, further reduces the likelihood of ringing.


Some stains (i.e. perspiration/body oils) respond well to dry cleaning such as “Host” (Racine Industries), “Capture” (Milliken), “Bonafides” (Drummond American), “Keft” (Texize) and “Carbons”. Carefully follow the directions on the label.

Special Fabric Finishes
Crypton is an engineered fabric. With its patented process, Crypton is the only textile that is stain, water, and bacteria resistant. The key to this fabric is its weaving process coupled with its proven barrier; nothing gets through Crypton to the cushion.

Made by DuPont, this fabric protector is a powerful stain fighting system. If provides an invisible molecular barrier around the individual fibers of the fabrics. Liquid spills bead up and roll off and ground-in stains are released during cleaning.

Nano-Tex fabric protection is a chemical enhancement, attached at the molecular level, to fundamentally transform the fibers. Tiny “whiskers” aligned by proprietary “spines,” are designed to repel liquids and are attached to the fibers utilizing molecular “hooks”. These “whiskers” and “hooks” are very, very small… in fact they are no more than 1/1000th the size of a cotton fiber. Because the chemistry is created on a “nano-scale” the performance is durable and the hand and breathability are not altered. Nano-Tex fabrics are NOT considered waterproof nor are they considered a barrier product. Nano-Tex fabrics incorporate a superior repellant technology.